By Reginald Laubin
Nobody is familiar with for definite simply whilst the bow and arrow got here into use in the United States, yet they have been in use from the a ways North to the end of South the USA while Europeans first arrived. Over the hemisphere the gear ranged from very bad to very good, with the best bows of all being made within the Northwest of North the United States. a few of these bows rivaled the traditional vintage bow in great thing about layout and workmanship. The attitudes of whites towards Indian archers and their gear have ranged from the top of compliment with legendary feats rivaling these of William inform and Robin Hood-–o mockery and derision for the Indians' brief, "deformed" bows and small arrows. The Laubins have discovered many of the renowned conceptions of Indian archery to be erroneous-as are lots of the preconceived notions approximately Indians—and during this booklet they try and right a few of these fake impressions and to provide a real photograph of this old paintings as practiced through the unique Americans.Following an advent and historical past of Indian archery are chapters on comparability of bows, bow making and sinewed bows, horn bows, strings, arrows, quivers, capturing, medication bows, Indian crossbows, and blowguns. these wishing to profit whatever in regards to the use of archery take on by means of American Indians, whatever of the ingenuity linked to its manufacture and upkeep, and whatever in regards to the value of archery in daily Indian lifestyles will locate during this ebook a wealth of recent, worthy, and critical info.
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Extra resources for American Indian Archery (Civilization of the American Indian Series)
It is highly reflexed and rather thinly backed with sinew, drawing about thirty-five pounds at twenty inches. With it I shot a bobtailed target arrow 179 yards. Pope got only 153 yards with a flight arrow from a similar Blackfoot bow of forty pounds drawing weight. His best bow, the Yaqui, was of Osage orange, rated by many as the very best bow wood. Pope's tests have been pronounced by some to have been complete and thorough, but perhaps you can see why I do not consider them so. I do not feel that he even used average Indian bows, let alone the best.
5 In later historical accounts of the Plains, Belden (quoted in Clark's Indian Sign Language) said that he had found a man's skull pinned to a tree; the arrow had pierced the entire head and penetrated the tree far enough to hold it in position, apparently for a number of years. Bourke, writing of his experiences in the Apache wars, said Apache arrows were effective at one hundred fifty yards and that in 1871 he saw a pine tree pierced six inches by two arrows. I doubt that he meant that the pine tree was six inches in diameter.
But what about his taking deer, elk, mountain sheep, and mountain goats with arrows, which he did continually? Even though he was a superb stalker who knew all the characteristics and idiosyncrasies of the game he pursued, it was next to impossible to get closer than twenty-five or thirty yards from such game. Does this make him any less of an archer? Modern archers, with fancy bow-quivers and all the newfangled gadgets, plus all the ingenuity they can muster, make most of their kills at an average of thirty yards.