By Celia E. Naylor
Forcibly faraway from their houses within the past due 1830s, Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Indians introduced their African-descended slaves with them alongside the path of Tears and resettled in Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. Celia E. Naylor vividly charts the studies of enslaved and loose African Cherokees from the path of Tears to Oklahoma's access into the Union in 1907. rigorously extracting the voices of former slaves from interviews and mining a number of assets in Oklahoma, she creates an attractive narrative of the composite lives of African Cherokees. Naylor explores how slaves hooked up with Indian groups not just via Indian customs--language, garments, and food--but additionally via bonds of kinship.
Examining this elaborate and emotionally charged historical past, Naylor demonstrates that the "red over black" dating was once not more benign than "white over black." She offers new angles to conventional understandings of slave resistance and counters past romanticized rules of slavery within the Cherokee country. She additionally demanding situations modern racial and cultural conceptions of African-descended humans within the usa. Naylor unearths how black Cherokee identities developed reflecting complicated notions approximately race, tradition, "blood," kinship, and nationality. certainly, Cherokee freedpeople's fight for reputation and equivalent rights that started within the 19th century maintains even this present day in Oklahoma.
Read Online or Download African Cherokees in Indian Territory: From Chattel to Citizens PDF
Similar native american studies books
Iroquois trip is the nice and cozy and illuminating memoir of William N. Fenton (1908–2005), a number one pupil who formed Iroquois stories and smooth anthropology in the USA. The memoir unearths the goals and struggles of the guy and the numerous accomplishments of the anthropologist, the advanced and occasionally risky milieu of Native-white relatives in upstate ny within the 20th century, and key theoretical and methodological advancements in American anthropology.
The Nightway chant is a Navajo therapeutic ceremonial that extends over a number of days and comprises specific songs, prayers, sandpaintings, and using sacred fabric gadgets, akin to mask. Now on hand in paperback, The Nightway lines the heritage and genealogies of Nightway medication males and the background of the recording and documentation of the chantway by means of non-Navajo observers.
Choctaw kingdom is a narrative of tribal state construction within the glossy period. Valerie Lambert treats nation-building initiatives as not anything new to the Choctaws of southeastern Oklahoma, who've replied to a couple of hard-hitting attacks on Choctaw sovereignty and nationhood via rebuilding their tribal state.
- Lost Harvests: Prairie Indian Reserve Farmers and Government Policy
- Havasupai Legends: Religion and Mythology of the Havasupai Indians of the Grand Canyon
- Sifters: Native American Women's Lives (Viewpoints on American Culture)
- The White Earth Nation: Ratification of a Native Democratic Constitution
Additional info for African Cherokees in Indian Territory: From Chattel to Citizens
Although there were individual runaways who made the journey to Indian Territory without any family members en route, others like Harvey might have considered themselves fortunate to have kin who had also been relocated to Indian Territory, especially within the boundaries of the Cherokee Nation. Harvey might have absconded so that he could visit 41 On the Run with his father before he left the Cherokee Nation entirely; he might also have visited his father in an attempt to convince him, too, of running away in search of a free life.
Disorderly actions of runaways, however, not only heightened the tumultuous state of a√airs in the Cherokee Nation but also exposed an imbalance of power that had to be addressed within the Nation. Cherokee slave owners and, in some cases, those who did not own African Cherokees viewed runaways as troublesome emblems of the unruly times. ’’≥∞ At ﬁrst his comments were of a general nature, later becoming more speciﬁc regarding the regulation of enslaved people by slave owners from inside and outside the Cherokee Nation.
As the enslaved arrivals became more aware of their duties in the new Indian country and their ongoing state of bondage, some also detected the intensity of discord permeating the Cherokee Nation in their new territory. Di√erences between warring sociopolitical sects became intense. Sensing this initial turmoil, enslaved African Cherokees living 25 On the Run in Cherokee communities sought to beneﬁt from, and even contribute to, the unruly state of a√airs after arrival. Unlike free Cherokee citizens who engaged in the sociopolitical mayhem as a way of demolishing old adversaries, resolving conﬂicts, and solidifying the Cherokee Nation itself, enslaved African Cherokees capitalized on the political tensions in order to amplify the discord in Cherokee domestic a√airs and to achieve some distance from the boundaries of bondage.