By Ingeborg Marshall
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Additional info for A History and Ethnography of the Beothuk
30 Their ship left Gravesend in April 1536 and after two months at sea arrived at Cape Breton. 31 When "savages" approached the ship, everybody on board wanted to "take a view of the naturall people of the country" and the crew launched a boat to capture them. The Indians, presumably Beothuk, fled. 32 In 1529, on a voyage half way around the world, the brothers Jean and Raoul Parmentier from Dieppe visited the Strait of Belle Isle. 33 Crignon's description of Indians in Newfoundland appears to be based on several sources, probably interspersed with information collected by himself.
However, since they were done at Cormack's request it is possible that Shanawdithit presented an expurgated version of what she knew. She also produced drawings of Beothuk artifacts that Cormack annotated; some of the items are not adequately explained. Cormack never published this information, though some of his notes were published anonymously in an 1836 article in Britain. Certain clues indicate that the author was Cormack's friend John McGregor, with whom Cormack stayed after he left Newfoundland in 1829.
I5 At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the fur trade was one of the few meaningful links between Europeans and native people and had become an important feature in their relations. "16 While some native groups had certainly been unprepared for baiter, many others on the Atlantic seaboard soon adapted to the Europeans' quest for furs. Small beginnings quickly grew into a profitable trade, particularly for the French. The possibility of reaping great profits became as strong an incentive for Europeans to foster good relations with Indians as the desire of many Indians to obtain European goods, particularly metal tools.